THE ATR 42 IS A TWIN-TURBOPROP
The ATR 42 is a twin-turboprop, short-haul regional airliner built in France and Italy by ATR (Aerei da Trasporto Regionale or Avions de Transport Régional).
ATR and Airbus are both built in Toulouse, and share resources and technology. The name "42" comes from the aircraft's standard seating, which varies from 40 to 52. The aircraft was the basis for the ATR 72.
The ATR 42–300 was announced in 1981, making its maiden flight on 16 August 1984; French and Italian certification followed in September 1985 and its first revenue flight was in December of the same year with Air Littoral of France.
This initial version of the ATR42 was on production line until 1996. The next upgrade for product was ATR42-320 (also withdrawn in 1996) differed in having the more powerful PW-121 engines for better hot and high performance. ATR42-300QC is a quick change freight/passenger version of the standard 300 series.
The current production version is the −500 series. It is totally new generation aircraft with new engines, new propellers, improved hot and high performance, increased weight capacity and an improved passenger cabin. The 50-seat ATR 42–500 was first certificated in July 1995.
As of January 2009 at least 401 ATR 42s have been delivered worldwide with up to 18 aircraft on order.
There are six major variants of the ATR 42.
The new ATR 42–600 and ATR 72–600 will feature the latest technological enhancements while building upon the well-known advantages of the current aircraft, namely its high efficiency, proven dispatch reliability, low fuel burn and operating cost. It will include the new PW127M as standard engine (new engines provide 5% additional thermodynamic power at takeoff, thus improving performance on short runways, in hot weather and on high altitude; the incorporation of the “boost function” enables use of this additional power as needed, only when called for by the takeoff conditions), Glass Cockpit flight deck featuring five wide LCD screens that will replace the current EFIS (Electronic Flight Instrument System). In addition, a Multi-Purpose Computer (MPC) will further enhance flight safety and operational capabilities. The new avionics, to be supplied by Thales, will also provide CAT III and RNP capabilities. It will also include the new lighter and more comfortable seats and larger overhead baggage bins. The −600 series ATR aircraft will be progressively introduced during the second half of 2010. The ATR 42–600 Series launch customer is the Royal Air Maroc (deliveries begin in March 2012).
Using a temporary test registration F-WWLY the prototype ATR 42–600 first flew on 4 March 2010.
Bulk (Tube Versions) and ULD Freighter (Large Cargo Door). An STC exists to convert all ATR 42 variants to all-cargo transport aircraft. FedEx, Aviavilsa, UPS, and DHL are major operators of the type.
The ATR 42 "Surveyor" is a maritime patrol version of the −500, and VIP transport and in-flight inspection versions of the −500 also exist.
The largest operators of the ATR-42 are FedEx Express, Airlinair, TRIP Linhas Aéreas,and Mexico City-based Aeromar respectively. Number of aircraft as of 2010:
Aer Arann (4)
Accidents of ATR 42
On 15 October 1987, an Aero Trasporti Italiani (ATI) ATR 42–300 crashed on Conca di Crezzo, Italy during flight from Milan-Linate to Cologne Bonn Airport, Germany. All 37 on board died. Icing conditions existed.
On 21 August 1994, a Royal Air Maroc ATR-42 crashed into the Atlas Mountains, killing all 44 people on board. It was claimed the pilot deliberately disengaged the autopilot and crashed the plane.
On 30 July 1997, Air Littoral Flight 701 ATR 42–500 overran runway 23 at Peretola Airport in Italy after a short haul from Nice Côte d'Azur Airport in France One of the crew was killed out of the 3 crew and 14 passengers. The aircraft was written off in the accident.
On 11 October 1999, an Air Botswana captain boarded an ATR 42–320 aircraft and took off. Once in the air, he asked by radio to speak to President Festus Mogae (who was outside the country at the time), Air Botswana's general manager and others. In spite of all attempts to persuade him to land and discuss his grievances, he stated he was going to crash into some planes on the apron. After a flying time of about two hours, he performed two loops and then crashed at 200 knots (230 mph) into Air Botswana's two other ATR 42s parked on the apron. The captain was killed, but there were no other casualties. He had been grounded on medical reasons, refused reinstatement, and regrounded until February 2000.
On 12 November 1999, Sifly Flight 3275 ATR 42-312 registration F-OHFV on a short haul flight from Rome Ciampino Airport in Italy to Pristina International Airport Adem Jashari in Kosovo on operating on behalf of the UN. The flight crashed into a hill near Mitrovica in Serbia (Now in Kosovo) as the plane was making a turn to the left. The accident killed all 24 passengers and crew on board.
On September 14, 2002, a Total Linhas Aéreas ATR42-312 registration PT-MTS on a cargo flight between São Paulo-Guarulhos and Londrina crashed while en route near Paranapanema. The crew of 2 died.
On 21 February 2008, Santa Barbara Airlines Flight 518 crashed in the Andes near Mérida, Venezuela, during a flight from Mérida to Simon Bolivar International Airport in Caracas. The aircraft was carrying 43 passengers and 3 crew. All died.
On 27 January 2009, an Empire Airlines ATR-42 cargo plane under contract from FedEx Express crashed on landing at Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport at 04:37 CT. The plane, which had been traveling from Fort Worth Alliance Airport, landed short of the touchdown zone and skidded off the runway amid light freezing rain. There was a small fire on the plane and two crew members were taken to the hospital with minor injuries.
On 11 February 2010, Trigana Air Service Flight 168 made a forced landing in a paddy field at Bone, Indonesia. Two people were seriously injured and the aircraft was written off.
On 13 September 2010, Conviasa Flight 2350 crashed 6 miles (9.7 km) west of Manuel Carlos Piar Guayana Airport, Ciudad Guayana, Venezuela, on a domestic scheduled passenger flight from Del Caribe "Santiago Mariño" International Airport, Porlamar, Isla Margarita. Of 51 passengers and crew on board, 34 survived the accident while 17 died.
On 9 June 2012, ATR-42 OK-KFM named "Benešov", configured for 46 passengers and operated by the Czech Airlines, burned in the Hangar F at the Prague Ruzyně Airport following explosions. The machine, entered in Czech register on 5 May 2005, was a total hull loss.
ATR 42 Specifications Chart
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